What is Heavy Drinking?
There are different definitions of moderate and heavy drinking. The US Department of Health and Human Services defines moderate drinking as up to 1 drink per day for women and up to 2 drinks per day for men. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) defines low risk drinking (a level that puts an individual at low risk for developing a problem with alcohol) as no more than 3 drinks on any single day and no more than 7 drinks per week for women, and no more than 4 drinks on any single day and no more than 14 drinks per week for men.
Two types of heavy drinking have been identified:
Binge drinking - The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), which conducts the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), defines binge drinking as 5 or more alcoholic drinks for males or 4 or more alcoholic drinks for females on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past month.
Heavy drinking - SAMHSA defines heavy alcohol use as binge drinking on 5 or more days in the past month. Others define a heavy drinking day as more than 4 drinks on any day for men or more than 3 drinks on any day for women.
Summary - Heavy drinking
- Men: More than 4 drinks on any day or more than 14 drinks per week
- Women: More than 3 drinks on any day or more than 7 drinks per week
For more information, go to: www.rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov
What is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)?
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a set of symptoms that can occur following a traumatic event that can impact a person's thinking and behavior. Examples of traumatic events include sexual or physical assault, motor vehicle accident, natural disaster, and combat.
Those who develop PTSD after a traumatic event may experience the following symptoms:
- Reliving the event (through unwanted memories or dreams)
- Avoiding situations that bring up memories of the event
- Negative thoughts or moods, and feeling keyed up (increased reactivity to reminders of the event)
While most people experience some of these symptoms after experiencing a traumatic event, these symptoms remain strong and interfere with everyday activities in those who develop PTSD.
For more information, go to: www.ptsd.va.gov
What is Pregabalin?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved pregabalin for use in the management of neuropathic pain associated with diabetes and spinal cord injury, as an add-on therapy for certain types of seizures, and for the treatment of fibromyalgia. The daily dose of pregabalin used in this study is the dose that is approved to treat fibromyalgia. The use of pregabalin to treat heavy drinking and symptoms of PTSD is experimental. This means that it has not been approved by the FDA.
For more information, go to: www.epilepsy.com/medications/pregabalin
For More Information
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